'Space Missions' Category Archives

Apollo Space Program – Beginnings

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In the year 1960, John F. Kennedy won the presidential seat after he campaigned for space exploration and missile defense in order for America to gain superiority over the Soviet Union. And so with that came the funding and realization of an American spaceflight called Apollo (named after the mythological Greek of intellectual pursuits) that […]

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Apollo 1 – Trial and Error to Success

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Originally named Apollo 204, the Apollo 1 was to be the first manned spacecraft in the history of mankind. Its creation was to investigate the design of its control facilities and to examine the effectiveness of its launch assembly and operations. If all went well with the spacecraft’s performance, engineers estimated that it should have […]

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Apollo 2 – Learning the Effects of Weightlessness

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Apollo-Saturn 203 (AS-203) is sometimes referred to as Apollo 2. It was an unmanned mission that was launched on July 5, 1966 and was destroyed about six hours into the flight though it managed to orbit four times. The main purpose of its flight was to investigate the effects of “weightlessness” on the fuel in […]

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Apollo 3 – 1st Guidance & Navigation System

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Space mission Apollo-Saturn 202 (AS-202) or informally known as the Apollo 3 was launched on August 25, 1966. It was a sub-orbital test flight that lasted for only an hour and a half. The mission was to test the rocket for its capacity to stay longer in orbit than Apollo 2 did. The plan was […]

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Apollo 4 – A Great Success

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Space mission Apollo 4, also known as Apollo-Saturn 501 (AS-501) was an unmanned flight which orbited three times and lasted for about eight and a half hours. It was launched on November 9, 1967 from the John F. Kennedy Space Center. The mission was to test the complete Apollo command and service module which stages […]

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Apollo 5 – “Fire In The Hole”

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Launched on January 22, 1968, Apollo 5 was the first spacecraft in the Apollo Space Program that contains the Lunar Module. Similar to Apollos 2, 3, and 4, Apollo 5 had no astronauts manning it. The mission lasted 11 hours and the spacecraft managed to orbit seven times. The goal of this mission was to […]

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Apollo 7 – First Successful Manned Spacecraft

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Launched on October 11, 1968, Apollo 7 became the first successful manned space mission in the history of the United States. It orbited 163 times around the earth which lasted for eleven days. It had a crew consisted of Walter Schirra as mission commander, Donn Eisele as command module pilot, and R. Walter Cunningham as […]

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Apollo 8 – First Lunar Orbit

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On December 21, 1968, just a few months after the launching of Apollo 7, space mission Apollo 8 followed and became the first manned spaceflight that reached the moon’s orbit and landed back to earth successfully. Its crew consisted of Frank Borman as the commander, James Lovell as the navigator, and William Anders as the […]

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Apollo 9 – Preparing for Moon Landing

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Launched on March 3, 1969, Apollo 9 was the first space flight with a crew and has both a lunar module (LM) and a command and service module (CSM). Its three-person crew consisted of Mission Commander Jim McDivitt, Command Module Pilot David Scott, and Lunar Module Pilot Rusty Schweickart. The objective of the mission was […]

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