Temperature on Saturn

Saturn has long fascinated people because of the mystique of its rings, which circle the planet’s equator and make it one of the most visually beautiful sights in our Solar System. These rings are composed of bands of small water ice-coated particles and are 250,000 km wide but only as thin as a few tens of meters in some places. The origin of the rings remains unclear, although there are two main theories: that they are the remains of a destroyed moon or are remnants of the original nebular material from which Saturn was formed.

Saturn is a gas giant, meaning it is mostly composed of an upper layer of gases such as molecular helium and hydrogen surrounding a hot rocky core. Because of this, although Saturn is 95 times larger than Earth, its density is only 0.7 that of water. Saturn’s atmosphere is composed of some 75% of hydrogen and 25% helium along with small amounts of other substances such as methane and water ice. The planet is surrounded by clouds, with the upper layer composed of ammonia ice clouds and where temperatures can reach as low as -250° C. Below this layer is a lower deck of ammonium hydro-sulfate clouds, with average temperatures rising to -70° C. The lowest layer is made up of water clouds, and mean temperatures here are at the freezing point of water – zero degrees Celsius.

At the core, however, temperatures can reach as high as 11,700° C. Scientists believe that its great internal heat is due to the sinking of helium from the upper atmosphere through the liquid hydrogen at the interior. Like its neighbor Jupiter, Saturn also experiences powerful storms, although not as intense as those on Jupiter. Storms mostly appear around the bands that circle the planet, with winds at the equator reaching as fast as 1,800 km/hr, and can rage for months or even years.

Moons of Saturn

  • http://Facebook.com NajahRose:)

    i Love saturn because we hade a project on it and i learn so much about it all this week.. And saturn is so amazing ………………………………..

  • kxmxjio

    i have a big test so i have to studie like i am crazy

  • Audrey (: (:

    i am doin a project where you have to make a poster persuading tourist to go there.
    i have to have real facts but i can make up some parts. i chose saturn of course

  • Kiele

    Oh my gosh I have a science report at school and I am definetly using this for it. I hope I get a good grade!!!

  • Josh

    I’m doing a project and this helps

    me too stuart!!!!

  • stuart

    I’m doing a project and this helps

  • stuart

    Very helpful

  • http://. Andrew

    Yay planets \^_^/ :P

  • cool kid

    i did saturn for my project too

  • DREA

    I have a science project and i chose Saturn because i love Saturn

  • cool guy

    same hare i am doing areport on saturn

  • http://google.com mari

    science is like one of my favorite subjects you learn new stuff

  • http://google.com mari (mar-ree)

    hey thank for the info this is all going on my science project so if this stuff is wrong im blaming you id like to give thumbs up to those who did saturn magnolia,brook and so on id also like to say hey to my bff’s maddy ,elizabeth, rachel, caroline,taylor, brook ,davida,hattie,shella,magnolia,coaset,shyanne,maureen,and last but not least olivia cruz

  • http://google.com mari (mar-ree)

    im doin a project on saturn i love saturn I LOVE ITS RINGS magnolia you’re awesome

  • Chris

    Very Helpful! Thanks!

  • http://www.nasa.com nick

    doing a project on saturn hope i do good

  • AquaShan

    Really Helping School Report and i love the pac man look! haha so cute. <3 thx

  • http://planetfacts jesenia rivera

    well thank you a lot you guys helped me a lot to do my science project C; <3 <3 i better get a A if i dont then is you guys fault cause i got all dee info in this website ~.~ okay bye cutieesss love you lotss C: <3

  • http://planetfacts jesenia rivera

    well thank you a lot you guys helped me a lot to do my science project C; <3 <3 i better get a A if i dont then is you guys fault cause i got all dee info in this website ~.

  • http://Beautiful2!!! Beaufiul 2

    HAyy guys, iluv SAturn………….did u know that i had a holiday at Saturn with Beautiful 1, were like BFFL’S darrrr
    i G2G c ya guys luv ya!!!!
    XXOO ILY <3 ;)

  • http://Beautiful Beautiful

    Hey Guys iluv Saturn……………….. did you know ihave been on a holiday to Saturn with beautiful 2, we are like Bff’s

  • Beautiful

    OMG ilove Saturn it is sooooooooo cool !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!