Temperature on Saturn

Saturn has long fascinated people because of the mystique of its rings, which circle the planet’s equator and make it one of the most visually beautiful sights in our Solar System. These rings are composed of bands of small water ice-coated particles and are 250,000 km wide but only as thin as a few tens of meters in some places. The origin of the rings remains unclear, although there are two main theories: that they are the remains of a destroyed moon or are remnants of the original nebular material from which Saturn was formed.

Saturn is a gas giant, meaning it is mostly composed of an upper layer of gases such as molecular helium and hydrogen surrounding a hot rocky core. Because of this, although Saturn is 95 times larger than Earth, its density is only 0.7 that of water. Saturn’s atmosphere is composed of some 75% of hydrogen and 25% helium along with small amounts of other substances such as methane and water ice. The planet is surrounded by clouds, with the upper layer composed of ammonia ice clouds and where temperatures can reach as low as -250° C. Below this layer is a lower deck of ammonium hydro-sulfate clouds, with average temperatures rising to -70° C. The lowest layer is made up of water clouds, and mean temperatures here are at the freezing point of water – zero degrees Celsius.

At the core, however, temperatures can reach as high as 11,700° C. Scientists believe that its great internal heat is due to the sinking of helium from the upper atmosphere through the liquid hydrogen at the interior. Like its neighbor Jupiter, Saturn also experiences powerful storms, although not as intense as those on Jupiter. Storms mostly appear around the bands that circle the planet, with winds at the equator reaching as fast as 1,800 km/hr, and can rage for months or even years.

Moons of Saturn

73 Responses to “ Temperature on Saturn ”

  1. Imani

    The saturn thing looks like pac-man HEHE TEEHEE :)

  2. Bailey

    The saturn thingy looks like pac-man lol pac-man is soooo awesome……………….. That is soo kool. =)

  3. myzelle

    its good for who has an assinment in science

  4. sierra

    I am doing a report on SATURN for school. It sound like a cool planet to report about. I hope I get an A+.

    WISH ME LUCK

  5. sierra

    I LOVE SCIENCE :)

  6. cupcake

    saturn is soooooooo cool and awesome

  7. cupcake

    saturn is soooooooooooooooo crazy

  8. MJ

    I used this in a project too.

  9. science

    SAME working on a planet report due tomorrow!!

  10. ryan

    thanx this sight really helped me out

  11. Mai-Hime

    some good points about saturn, i’ll be using this for my science project

    SCIENCE ROCKS!!

  12. Sarah

    omg. sierra what school do you go to? i’m doing a report on saturn too!

  13. XxYouNgBasEDgoDxX

    i wish i was as cool as saturn cause im a faggot!!!(;

  14. Clayton

    Haha me and my buddy, John-Ralphio were thinking that also looked like pac-man! ;)

  15. Jizzle

    it looks like pacman eating a power pellet haha. Saturn gets me horny

  16. ysenia =)

    tahaa dizz thinqqy looqks likee a pac-mann :}

  17. jacob

    Im doing saturn, and i have to make an alien tht can survive on it. does anybody have any suggestions??

  18. Toteburger

    That is so disgusting! I really don’t see how that would do that to you. It is so ridiculous the things people will post on the internet for anyone and everyone to see. How would you like that to be posted on the front page of the newspaper? Would you be happy about that? This is pretty much the same thing! I am 13 and I know more about sensibilty and common sense than you do! That tells you something! That is extremely gross and you shouldn’t put things like that on the internet. Period. End of story.

  19. Toteburger

    I need to answer the question, “What is the climate of Saturn?”. This gives me temperatures and the composition, but not the climate (i.e. hot, cold, dry, windy, etc.). I wish they had the climate.

  20. wilson1player

    i like saturn too, and i am reasurching like crazy for facts for school. this page has given me my fortieth fact! hope my partner is happy! :-)

  21. Logan Compton

    Hi

  22. Connie

    Jacob what school do u go to that’s my he assignment too

  23. Marisela

    im doing a solar system project

  24. sydney alvis/csa lower

    i think saturn is awsome and i am doing a report on saturn to for science so hey hey hey wish me luck.

  25. sydney alvis/csa lower

    i think saturn is awsome.

  26. HHHIII

    GREAT SITE JUST NEEDS TO ANSWER SOME MORE QUESTIONS

  27. Ciel

    Stole this for a project >:D

  28. Rachael

    the site answered my query so….. i hope to get a good grade 4 my project…….

  29. yosvanny

    this is cool,wee hee im awesome, cool

  30. Selena

    Soo cool

  31. will

    cool

  32. Russell king

    I have to do a report on Saturn wish me luck

  33. wateva

    saturn is so cool dont you think so!!!!!:)

  34. sciencegirl

    hhheyyy project on saturn due tomorrow!! they have a ride in orlando flordia that has stuff about space the ride is called MISSION SPACE lol its soooo fun its a simulator its like ur on a rocket u blast off and when u are up the gravity feels soo cool!!! I <3 SCIENCE mostly about "the solar system"!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    p.s im not a nerd

  35. Lesley

    LoL is everyone coming here for a school project, i can´t blame you, Same here!!!!!! Saturn is soo intersting :) Project due tomorow!!!

  36. Chase´s Girl

    Well Saturn is sooo Beautiful like my BF Chase ;) Btw very intersting:)

  37. Savannahs Sciene

    Science project due TOMORROW!!! THIS HELPED SO MUCH!!! THANKSS!!

  38. K___

    Project due tommroow!

  39. erin kelly

    Omg this has helped me a little but like ahahah i love fnding htese pages im stressed and ugh this is botheting meeee

  40. erin kelly

    remnants of the original nebular material from which Saturn was formed.

    Saturn is a gas giant, meaning it is mostly composed of an upper layer of gases such as molecular helium and hydrogen surrounding a hot rocky core. Because of this, although Saturn is 95 times larger than Earth, its density is only 0.7 that of water. Saturn’s atmosphere is composed of some 75% of hydrogen and 25% helium along with small amounts of other substances such as methane and water ice. The planet is surrounded by clouds, with the upper layer composed of ammonia ice clouds and where temperatures can reach as low as -250° C. Below this layer is a lower deck of ammonium hydro-sulfate clouds, with average temperatures rising to -70° C. The lowest layer is made up of water clouds, and mean temperatures here are at the freezing point of water – zero degrees Celsius.

    At the core, however, temperatures can reach as high as 11,700° C. Scientists believe that its great internal heat is due to the sinking of helium from the upper atmosphere through the liquid hydrogen at the interior. Like its neighbor Jupiter, Saturn also experiences powerful storms, although not as intense as those on Jupiter. Storms mostly appear around the bands that circle the planet, with winds at the equator reaching as fast as 1,800 km/hr, and can rage for months or even years.

    Moons of Saturn

  41. okip

    I’m back!!!==)))
    this website is lacking resources and dosent have bibleography refrences.How dare you make a website that doesn’t help me ?! =0 again?!
    :(

  42. okip

    my old homebase was on saturn,but you guys destroyed it >:(
    I’ll get revenge.
    I’ll be knocking on your door…!
    *laughs evily*

  43. Keller

    Saturn is pretty cool got a report due soon if I get an a I get to go to Disney world with some classmates wish me luck people’s

  44. lance

    im doing a report on saturn to!

  45. aiden lashway

    i am doing a report on saturn in science

  46. Kp

    Thx will be using this on my science project

  47. randomgurl765

    i’m gonna use this for my useless science project!

  48. Coleman Booty

    yoooo im doing tht project right now ahaha funneh!

  49. ahsae francess

    wow i didn’t see any weather sorry for say XP T.T

  50. R-Tard

    OMG i lurv saytarn it has many topatoes and a fancy ring it might also has gud stof tht we cn tayke frm it.

    pcmen foon

    Gooby pls

  51. Beautiful

    OMG ilove Saturn it is sooooooooo cool !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  52. Beautiful

    Hey Guys iluv Saturn……………….. did you know ihave been on a holiday to Saturn with beautiful 2, we are like Bff’s

  53. Beaufiul 2

    HAyy guys, iluv SAturn………….did u know that i had a holiday at Saturn with Beautiful 1, were like BFFL’S darrrr
    i G2G c ya guys luv ya!!!!
    XXOO ILY <3 ;)

  54. jesenia rivera

    well thank you a lot you guys helped me a lot to do my science project C; <3 <3 i better get a A if i dont then is you guys fault cause i got all dee info in this website ~.

  55. jesenia rivera

    well thank you a lot you guys helped me a lot to do my science project C; <3 <3 i better get a A if i dont then is you guys fault cause i got all dee info in this website ~.~ okay bye cutieesss love you lotss C: <3

  56. AquaShan

    Really Helping School Report and i love the pac man look! haha so cute. <3 thx

  57. nick

    doing a project on saturn hope i do good

  58. Chris

    Very Helpful! Thanks!

  59. mari (mar-ree)

    im doin a project on saturn i love saturn I LOVE ITS RINGS magnolia you’re awesome

  60. mari (mar-ree)

    hey thank for the info this is all going on my science project so if this stuff is wrong im blaming you id like to give thumbs up to those who did saturn magnolia,brook and so on id also like to say hey to my bff’s maddy ,elizabeth, rachel, caroline,taylor, brook ,davida,hattie,shella,magnolia,coaset,shyanne,maureen,and last but not least olivia cruz

  61. mari

    science is like one of my favorite subjects you learn new stuff

  62. cool guy

    same hare i am doing areport on saturn

  63. DREA

    I have a science project and i chose Saturn because i love Saturn

  64. cool kid

    i did saturn for my project too

  65. Andrew

    Yay planets \^_^/ :P

  66. stuart

    Very helpful

  67. stuart

    I’m doing a project and this helps

  68. Josh

    I’m doing a project and this helps

    me too stuart!!!!

  69. Kiele

    Oh my gosh I have a science report at school and I am definetly using this for it. I hope I get a good grade!!!

  70. Audrey (: (:

    i am doin a project where you have to make a poster persuading tourist to go there.
    i have to have real facts but i can make up some parts. i chose saturn of course

  71. kxmxjio

    i have a big test so i have to studie like i am crazy

  72. NajahRose:)

    i Love saturn because we hade a project on it and i learn so much about it all this week.. And saturn is so amazing ………………………………..

  73. carmelo

    this has alot of info !